FORMATION OF PRACTICAL SKILLS IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
The development of certain practical skills is inherent in each age, and there is no need to force the child to do something ahead of time. What skills do you need to develop at preschool age? What qualities need to be inculcated from an early age? How to help a child easily adapt in modern society? In this article you will find answers to all these questions and learn how to form practical skills in preschool children.
The formation of practical skills in preschool children
Practical skills – automated human actions based on skills acquired from personal experience (walking, talking, writing and others). Without practical skills, which are acquired mainly in the process of imitation by adults, a full-fledged life and adaptation of a child to social conditions is impossible. That is why it is very important that parents not only tell their child how to do this or that, but also show everything by their own example.
It should be noted that the development of certain practical skills is inherent in each age, and it is not necessary to force the child to do something ahead of time. What skills do you need to develop at preschool age? What qualities need to be inculcated from an early age? How to help a child easily adapt in modern society? In this article you will find answers to all these questions and learn how to form practical skills in preschool children.
So, what practical skills do preschool children need to build?
Communication is the main tool that shapes a person and contributes to its implementation in society. The ability to communicate in various situations, to understand the interlocutor and to demonstrate the flexibility of behavior – these are the tasks that children of this age face.
Active helpers of preschool children in the formation of communication skills are parents and educators.
Ways of developing communication skills:
Stimulate a healthy interest in the interlocutors (children and adults).
Find a solution to conflict situations.
Cope with negative emotions in case of unsuccessful communication.
To find opportunities for constant contact with the children’s team.
One of the leading activities of this age is the game. In it, children learn communication and obey the general rules of the game. In such fun, the corrective role is assigned to the teacher. Under his guidance, children learn to plan and discuss their actions, to come to common results.
Education of labor skills in preschool age contributes to the formation of a person in society. It begins with family relationships and work assignments. Self-service and daily tasks form independence in children. The child must first learn to perform some element of work, and then the whole process. At the same time, tasks should correspond to the age of the child.
If the baby does not want to work, do not force. By a personal example, show him the full significance of work. Do not punish by labor, otherwise the child will associate it with something bad. Let permission to work and be the very long-awaited reward.
The development of labor skill also takes place in the children’s team. Here physical and volitional efforts are formed. In the children’s group, the teacher helps to form the following activities:
collecting everything necessary for labor;
cleaning the workplace at the end of classes;
cleaning tools and distributing them in places.
In older groups, all stages of work are divided between participants in labor activity. The ability to negotiate, the distribution of roles, assistance, coordination of joint activities, advice and comments – these are the basic skills that form a working person.
CULTURAL HYGIENIC SKILLS
These skills include daily activities that form the basis of life. A large role in this is given to the imitation of the activities of parents. Cultural and hygienic skills begin with basic things:
hand hygiene after a walk and before eating;
water procedures and brushing in the morning and evening;
rinse your mouth after eating;
neatness of clothing;
order among the toys in the room;
To teach a child to perform all these elementary actions independently is the task of each family. Thus is formed: perseverance, organization, endurance, independence, discipline.
The formation of motor skills is carried out sequentially: knowledge of how to perform the movement goes into skill and subsequently into skill. To solve the problem of developing motor skills, it is advisable to use a game or imitation.
Performing exercises with the help of a tutor.
The independent implementation of tasks with the help of special items (balls, gymnastic sticks, stairs and more.)
Physical qualities (agility, strength, skill, flexibility, endurance) are components of the concept of motor skills.