METHOD OF EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF MARIA GMOSHINSKAYA
Today it is fashionable to decorate the walls of houses not with the works of famous artists, but with cute drawings of their own children. Such paintings often become prides that are displayed to all guests. Therefore, many parents strive to ensure that children do not just draw “kalyaky-kalyaki”, but consciously approach this process, developing along the way. And the early development technique “Artists in Diapers” helps them in this.
Methodology of the early development of Maria Gmoshinskaya
The Artists in Diapers technique, which has been successfully used in Russia for more than 10 years, was created by a teacher and scientist Maria Gmoshinskaya. According to the author, the lessons on this technique develop creativity and creativity in the child, and they are also useful for the development of fine motor skills, color perception and sensory skills. In addition, more importantly, the technique of Maria Gmoshinskaya allows the mother and child to become even closer, since their joint work is a powerful source of positive emotions for both.
One of the main requirements of the methodology is to conduct classes in such a way that the baby feels comfortable and does not get tired. This is extremely important for the result, so mother needs to study all the features of the technique in advance – so she can provide the necessary conditions and maintain a pleasant atmosphere while drawing.
A FEW WORDS ABOUT THE AUTHOR OF THE METHOD
As mentioned above, the authorship of the methodology “Artists in Diapers” belongs to Maria Vladimirovna Gmoshinskaya. She was born in Moscow in 1952, received a pedagogical education at the Russian State Medical University. N.I. Pirogova, and for almost 40 years now, has been an integral part of the team of the Department of Baby Nutrition, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Nutrition and Nutrition and Biotechnology. By the way, this institution is better known as the Research Institute of Nutrition RAMS, however, at present this name is unofficial.
Maria Gmoshinskaya has a doctorate in medical sciences and now holds the position of senior researcher in the above institution. She has developed a number of techniques for parents and educators who are engaged in early development. Among them, special attention is paid to the technique of infants drawing and techniques aimed at restoring lactation and painless weaning of the baby from breastfeeding.
Maria Vladimirovna came up with the idea to work on the topic of infant painting while working on a project on breastfeeding. Then, a 5-month-old baby was invited to a group of children aged 1.5-2 years, and his parents wanted him to paint with all the children. In just six months, young Aivazovsky created about 200 vivid drawings, which his parents combined into an album. This incident was inspired by Mrs. Gmoshinskaya.
“Creativity from Infancy, or Artists in Diapers” is not the only well-known manual by M. Gmoshinskaya. No less popular with parents is the book of Maria Vladimirovna “The World through the Eyes of a Child”.
FEATURES OF THE METHOD “ARTISTS IN PAMPERS”
The author of the methodology assures that classes can begin at the age of six months (but not before the child learns to sit). During this period, as a rule, the baby begins to understand what adults are saying to him, and is already able to realize what can be done with a sheet of paper and paint. One very important detail is that the mother must be present at the classes: the baby feels confident with her and is not afraid to learn new things, in this case, paint, and then brushes.
To make the classes as useful and effective as possible, parents need to remember a few key points:
The first drawing sessions should be short, no more than 3-5 minutes. Gradually, their duration can be increased to 15-20 minutes. When determining the duration of the lesson, it is necessary to focus solely on the mood and well-being of the child: if he does not show interest or is capricious, then it is time to finish.
You need to deal with your child regularly so that a habit develops. If a child of 6-7 months is involved in drawing according to the Gmoshinskaya technique, then it is better to start once or twice a week. In the future, you can make classes more frequent if the child wants to.
It is advisable to draw in natural light at the beginning of the day after the baby has breakfast. At this time, he will best perceive the new.
Classes can be held either with parents / parent, or with parents and methodologist. In the second case, it is important that the methodologist does not just understand the young artist, but finds an approach to him and does not cause him negative emotions.
In the first lessons, the smallest artists are taught to draw with their hands – fingers and palms. And only when they confidently master this technique, they are introduced to the brushes.
In the initial stages, classes with the baby can only be individual. Drawing in a group is possible only after the child gets used to the methodologist and will confidently handle the materials.
Moms and dads should understand that in children aged 6-7 months they are ready for co-creation, and the main task of the parent is to become a good partner.