Despite the fact that the state has been trying for several years to resolve the issue of lack of places in kindergartens, officials are not able to completely eliminate the priority in preschool educational institutions. That is why it was decided to increase the private sector in the field of preschool education and the development of variable forms of preschool education. One of such variable forms of preschool education is a family kindergarten, which we will talk about today.
Family kindergarten is one of the options for a preschool educational institution, which in recent years has become increasingly popular (especially among parents with many children). The main difference between this form of kindergarten – it can function in an ordinary apartment, while ordinary moms or dads act as a teacher. Although no, parents are not quite ordinary – only parents with at least three children (that is, having many children) can organize a family kindergarten (VTS).
HOW A FAMILY KINDERGARTEN IS ORDERED
Being a form of state support for large families, a family-type kindergarten cannot exist as an independent educational structure. In fact, SDS is a kind of branch (group) of a municipal preschool educational institution in which the parent-teacher “gets” a workplace. Such a system of organizing preschool education allows us to solve several problems at once:
firstly, the organization of a family kindergarten allows a parent to spend maximum time with his children and at the same time receive a salary and seniority;
secondly, the state at least partially “closes” the issue of shortage of places in municipal DOW;
thirdly, a small number of children in the group makes it possible to fully realize the principle of an individual approach to each child;
fourthly, the introduction of family-type preschool educational institutions contributes to the expansion of forms of preschool education for children with disabilities.
Note that to equip a kindergarten at home, the parent-teacher can take the necessary equipment, furniture or toys from the municipal preschool educational institution. In order for the family kindergarten to provide high-quality educational services, its organizers receive methodological assistance in the municipal DOU (including specialized literature and various allowances). At the same time, VTS pupils can attend narrowly focused specialists in MDOU, come to various classes, take part in celebrations and so on.
In VTS, education is carried out according to a general education program. Naturally, the parent-educator can create an original methodology for early development based on methodological recommendations. However, he is obliged to coordinate it with the leadership of the MDOU, to which the family kindergarten is assigned.
WHO AND HOW CAN OPEN VTS?
A large kindergarten can be opened by a large family raising three or more preschool children. If there are fewer preschool children, VTS organizers have the right to invite preschool children (from two months to seven years) from other families. At the same time, there cannot be more than five students.
The teacher can be one of the parents who have a pedagogical education – higher or secondary. If there is no pedagogical education, it is also possible to organize VTS, but the parent will be formalized as an assistant teacher.
In order to open a family kindergarten, one of the parents should apply with the appropriate statement to the management of the nearest educational institution or other educational organization providing preschool education services. He needs to have the following documents with him:
passport, labor and medical book of the parent who will be the educator;
each child’s birth certificate and medical record.
You can write a statement on the spot after receiving the form and sample form. VDS organizers can find answers to all questions of interest and additional information from the leadership of the educational organization, on the basis of which they are going to open a family kindergarten.
SANITARY TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS FOR THE VTS
It is necessary that the apartment or house in which the home kindergarten will be organized comply with sanitary standards. Namely:
per child should have at least 6 square meters. m of living space;
each pupil should have his own sleeping place;
a clear distinction between the bedroom, game room and dining room.
Permission to open a family kindergarten is issued to parents only after receiving the Act on verification of housing conditions, which is drawn up by a special commission based on the results of the inspection.
Parents are obliged to allocate and properly equip a nursery or rooms, arrange a place for feeding the pupils, storing their clothes and linen. Necessarily the presence of children’s furniture, educational games, books and a sufficient number of toys.