EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN’S SPEECH
It is very important that parents understand the importance of the early development of children’s speech, and find time in their busy schedule, at least for simple communication, and as a maximum for developmental activities. And we will tell you how to spend free time with your baby giving him joy, and, at the same time, developing his speech.
Early development of children’s speech
In recent years, specialists have begun to note a disappointing trend for modern society – the number of children who have a delay in the development of speech is increasing every year. This state of affairs is explained very simply: in order to ensure their children a decent standard of living, parents have to devote almost all their time to work, therefore they have neither the strength nor the time to educate and develop the younger generation.
But speech for a child is perhaps the most important skill, thanks to which he transfers to a qualitatively new level of development. Naturally, since the mastery of speech is inherent in us by nature itself, sooner or later any child begins to speak (unless, of course, he has psycho-physical deviations). But the later this happens, the more psychological problems the baby will face in the future.
That is why it is very important that parents nevertheless understand the importance of the early development of children’s speech, and find time in their busy schedule, at least for simple communication, and as a maximum for developing activities. And we will tell you how to spend free time with your baby giving him joy, and, at the same time, developing his speech.
SPEECH EARLY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
The vocal activity of children is manifested from birth in the form of a scream that turns into crying, through which the child reports that he experiences some discomfort (hunger, cold, heat, pain, etc.). By the third month, a well-fed and healthy baby shows voice activity in the form of “walking”, which is the result of involuntarily arising positions of the developing articulation apparatus (soft palate, lips, tongue, pharynx and larynx). With the help of “walking” babies gradually master the intonation system of the language, imitating the intonations of the people around them.
By the sixth-eighth month, the child makes the first “intelligible” sounds (“ma”, “pa”, “ba” or “na”) rhythmically and repeatedly repeating them. At the same age, babies begin to understand what adults are talking about (and not even talk so much, how much intonation), and respond to it with certain actions (for example, crawling to the call of mom or waving a pen). They learn to vary their exclamations and intonations depending on those feelings that overwhelm him (joy or discontent, fear or pain).
The child pronounces his first meaningful words at the age of 12-14 months. Of course, these are still primitive words such as “give”, “av-av” or “bb”, but with their help the child can quite clearly explain what he wants or sees.
We must say right away that such a process of developing children’s speech is possible only on one condition – adults will not only feed, wash and change the baby, but also talk a lot with him, providing the baby with “material” to follow. If by the first year of life the walk does not turn into babble, and then into words, parents should be anxious.
What if the child, according to parents, is slightly behind in speech development? Many parents are sure that in this case it is necessary to turn to a psychologist for help and enroll the baby in some development center. But most often it’s quite enough to give the child a little more attention and care. Following our simplest recommendations, you will not only help your child become a harmoniously developed personality, but also have fun yourself.
MEET YOUR CHILD WITH THE ENVIRONMENT
It is necessary to stimulate the speech activity and cognitive need of the child from the very first birthday. Therefore, you do not need to swaddle the baby. Let his arms always be free so that he can study them and observe how they move. Talk constantly with the child, telling him about everything that is happening around. After all, conversation is a dialogue that allows you to form the first speech skills of the child, even if they so far manifest in the form of baby talk, smiles and gestures.
Always talk with the baby calmly and gently, smile more often and try to interest him in your speech. Since at first it was not so much the words that were important for him as facial expressions, gestures and intonation, do not hesitate to show your emotions and behave a little childishly.